* China, India hold border talks, pledge to safeguard peace

Extracted from Xinhua: “China and India concluded a border meeting in Beijing on Tuesday with a joint pledge to safeguard peace and tranquility along their border, according to a Chinese Foreign Ministry statement released Tuesday.

This was the first meeting on the bilateral working mechanism for consultation and coordination over border affairs, which was launched in January this year. …

Both sides agreed to further enhance communication, trust and cooperation in accordance with the consensus reached by the two countries’ leaders, and to give full play to the role of the working mechanism, said the statement. They agreed to hold the next meeting for the working mechanism in India. …

China and India share a 2,000-km-long border that has never been formally delineated. The two countries began to discuss border issues in the 1980s. To maintain peace and stability in their border areas, the two sides signed two agreements in 1993 and 1996, respectively. In 2005, the two countries signed a political guideline on border demarcation during Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao‘s visit to India.”

via China, India hold border talks, pledge to safeguard peace – Xinhua | English.news.cn.

The Indo-Chinese border was unilaterally set under British Raj by Surveyor MacMohan. Although agreed by the Tibetan authorities, it was not ratified by the Manchu or later Chinese government. It was the intransigence of India when other neighbours like Pakistan, Burma, Nepal were willing to re-negotiate, that caused China to invade India in the autumn of 1962 with tanks rolling over the Himalayas. Since then the border has still not been formally agreed.

China’s borders with Russia and Vietnam were settled after some military incidents.

These latest talks hold hope that India is finally seeing that the way forward is to negotiate and not stand on unilateral definitions set by the British.

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